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hishma From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (Redirected from Bheeshma) Jump to navigationJump to search For other uses, see Bhishma (disambiguation). Bhishma Statue of Bhishma.jpg Statue of Bhishma standing on a chariot. Information Aliases DevavrataGaurangaBhishmaPitamahaGangaputraMahamahim Gender Male Weapon Bow and arrowSwordGadaSpear Family Shantanu (father) Ganga (mother) Satyavati (step-mother) Vichitravirya (half-brother) Chitr?ngada (half-brother) Relatives Kuru dynasty-Chandravanshi Home Hastinapur Bhishma (Sanskrit: ????‍?, IAST: Bh??ma, lit. 'terrible'), also known as Pitamaha, Gangaputra and Devavrata, was a statesman of Kuru Kingdom and one of the most powerful warriors in the Hindu epic Mahabharata. He was the eighth and only surviving son of the Kuru King Shantanu and the river goddess Ganga. He was related to both the Pandavas and the Kauravas through his half-brother, Vichitravirya. Originally named Devav rata, he was made the heir-apparent of the kingdom. However, he ceded his rights for his father's happiness and took the vow of lifelong celibacy. Because of this terrible oath, he came to be known as Bhishma and was blessed to live as long as he wanted. He played a major role in the political affairs of the Kuru kingdom and participated in the Kurukshetra War from the side of Kauravas. On the tenth day of the war, the Pandava prince Arjuna, with the help of Shikhandi, pierced Bhishma with numerous arrows and paralysed him on a bed of arrows. After spending fifty-one nights on the arrow bed, Bhishma left his body on the Uttarayana (winter solstice). Before his death, he handed down the Vishnu Sahasranama to the emperor Yudhishtira. Bhishma has a large significance in the Hindu culture. Each year his death anniversary is celebrated as Bhishma Ashtami, which falls on the eighth lunar day of the Shukla (light) half of Magha (January–February) month. Contents 1 Etymology and e pithets 2 Birth and early life 3 The oath 4 Affairs of Kuru Kingdom 4.1 Abduction of the Kashi princesses and battle with Parashurama 4.2 Political influences 5 The Kurukshetra War 6 Death 7 In popular culture 7.1 Films and television 7.2 Modern references 8 Notes 8.1 Citations 9 References 10 External links Etymology and epithets According to Monier Monier-Williams, the word Bhishma (?????) means 'terrible', 'horr